RPMI-1640 with L-Glutamine without Sodium Bicarbonate (Powder)

Product#: HM-AT028
Ships in 1-2 weeks


RPMI 1640
With L-Glutamine
Without Sodium bicarbonate

Product Code: HM-AT028

Product Description:

Roswell Park Memorial Institute (RPMI) media are a series of media developed by Moore et al for the culture of human normal and neoplastic cells in vitro. RPMI 1640 is the most commonly used medium in the series. A modification of McCoy's 5A medium, the medium was specifically designed to support the growth of human lymphoblastoid cells in suspension culture. Presently the medium is extensively used for a wide range of anchorage dependant cell lines. The medium needs to be supplemented with 5-20% fetal bovine serum. The medium is also known to support growth of cells in the absence of serum.

AT028 is RPMI 1640 with L-glutamine. Users are advised to review the literature for recommendations regarding medium supplementation and physiological growth requirements specific for different cell lines.


Ingredients mg/L   Ingredients mg/L
Calcium nitrate tetrahydrate 100.000   Choline chloride 3.000
Magnesium sulphate anhydrous 48.840   D-Biotin 0.200
Potassium chloride 400.000   D-Ca-Pantothenate 0.250
Sodium chloride 6000.000   Folic acid 1.000
Sodium phosphate dibasic anhydrous 800.000   Niacinamide 1.000
AMINO ACIDS     Pyridoxine hydrochloride 1.000
Glycine 10.000   Riboflavin 0.200
L-Arginine hydrochloride 241.870   Thiamine hydrochloride 1.000
L-Asparagine anhydrous 50.000   Vitamin B12 0.005
L-Aspartic acid 20.000   i-Inositol 35.000
L-Cystine dihydrochloride 65.200   p-Amino benzoic acid (PABA) 1.000
L-Glutamic acid 20.000   OTHERS  
L-Glutamine 300.000   D-Glucose 2000.000
L-Histidine hydrochloride monohydrate 20.960   Glutathione reduced 1.000
L-Hydroxyproline 20.000   Phenol red sodium salt 5.300
L-Isoleucine 50.000      
L-Leucine 50.000      
L-Lysine hydrochloride 40.000      
L-Methionine 15.000      
L-Phenylalanine 15.000      
L-Proline 20.000      
L-Serine 30.000      
L-Threonine 20.000      
L-Tryptophan 5.000      
L-Tyrosine disodium salt 28.830      
L-Valine 20.000      

  1. Suspend 10.4gms in 900ml tissue culture grade water with constant, gentle stirring until the powder is completely dissolved. Do not heat the water.
  2. It may be necessary to lower the pH to 4.0 with 1N HCl to completely dissolve this product. After it has dissolved completely, the pH can be raised to 7.2 with 1N NaOH prior to the addition of sodium bicarbonate.
  3. Add 2.0gms of sodium bicarbonate powder (TC230) or 26.7ml of 7.5% Sodium bicarbonate solution (TCL013) for 1 litre of medium and stir until dissolved.
  4. Adjust the pH to 0.2-0.3 pH units below the desired pH using 1N HCl or 1N NaOH since the pH tends to rise during filtration.
  5. Make up the final volume to 1000ml with tissue culture grade water.
  6. Sterilize the medium immediately by filtering through a sterile membrane filter with a porosity of 0.22 micron or less, using positive pressure rather than vacuum to minimize the loss of carbon dioxide.
  7. Aseptically add sterile supplements as required and dispense the desired amount of sterile medium into sterile containers.
  8. Store liquid medium at 2-8°C and in dark till use.

Material required but not provided:
  • Tissue culture grade water (TCL010)
  • Sodium bicarbonate (TC230)
  • Sodium bicarbonate solution, 7.5% (TCL013)
  • 1N Hydrochloric acid (TCL003)
  • 1N Sodium hydroxide (TCL002)
  • Foetal bovine serum (RM1112/RM10432)

Quality Control:
  • Appearance: Off-white to Creamish white, homogenous powder.
  • Solubility: Clear solution at 10.4 gms/L.
  • pH without Sodium Bicarbonate: 7.20 - 7.80
  • pH with Sodium Bicarbonate: 7.60 - 8.20
  • Osmolality without Sodium Bicarbonate: 230.00 - 270.00
  • Osmolality with Sodium Bicarbonate: 280.00 - 320.00
  • Cultural Response: The growth promotion capacity of the medium is assessed qualitatively by analyzing the cells for the morphology and quantitatively by estimating the cell counts and comparing it with a control medium through minimum three subcultures.
  • Endotoxin Content: NMT 5EU/ml

Storage and Shelf Life:
  1. All the powdered media and prepared liquid culture media should be stored at 2-8°C. Use before the expiry date. Inspite of above recommended storage condition, certain powdered medium may show some signs of deterioration /degradation in certain instances. This can be indicated by change in colour, change in appearance and presence of particulate matter and haziness after dissolution.
  2. Preparation of concentrated medium is not recommended since free base amino acids and salt complexes having low solubility may precipitate in concentrated medium.
  3. pH and sodium bicarbonate concentration of the prepared medium are critical factors affecting cell growth. This is also influenced by amount of medium and volume of culture vessel used (surface to volume ratio). For example, in large bottles, such as Roux bottles pH tends to rise perceptibly as significant volume of carbon dioxide is released. Therefore, optimal conditions of pH, sodium bicarbonate concentration, surface to volume ratio must be determined for each cell type. We recommend stringent monitoring of pH. If needed, pH can be adjusted by using sterile 1NHCl or 1N NaOH or by bubbling in carbon dioxide.
  4. If required, supplements can be added to the medium prior to or after filter sterilization observing sterility precautions. Shelf life of the medium will depend on the nature of supplement added to the medium.

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